Medical Research
Medical Research - Germs in the bathroom

For more detailed information, please see the following reports:

Viruses & Bacteria float in air for 2 hours after flushing toilet

    “ Does flushing the toilet cause dirty water to be spewed around the bathroom? ”

    Chicago Reader, Inc., The Straight Dope, by Cecil Adams, 04/16/1999


Droplets travel through air for 6 to 8 feet after toilet flush

    “Think before you flush or brush”

    Bryn Mawr College, Serendip , by Sarah Tan, 11/14/2002


Germs live several hours or more on hard surfaces

    “ Common Household Items Could Be Sources of Infections”

    Science Daily Magazine, Source – American Society for Microbiology , 05/22/2000


Toilet, floor, sink, counter, handles & levers are in the " Hot Zone"

“Why shouldn't we touch toilet seats?”

Lady’s Home Journal, “How clean is it?” by Dr. John Pisani, PhD, 09/1999

Sharing bathroom with infected people poses risk of contagion

“Survival of Salmonella in bathrooms and toilets in domestic homes following salmonellosis.”

Journal of Applied Microbiology, Volume 89 Issue 1, by J. Barker & S.F. Bloomfield, 07/2000

SARS spread through apartment building – bathroom plumbing suspected

“Hong Kong’s worst SARS outbreak spread through apartment building plumbing”

Pittsburgh, PA Post Gazette, Health & Science Section, 04/18/2003

By Dirk Beveridge, The Associated Press, Hong Kong Bureau

SARS - A coronavirus spread by moisture droplets & fecal contamination

“Coronaviruses, Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS): Read the facts”

Department of Microbiology & Immunology, University of Leicester, UK

Updated July, 28, 2003 (BS3035)

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